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Economics

World – Macroeconomic Scenario for 2019-2020: prevention better than cure

  • Edition April 15, 2019

    The strong, synchronised cycle of global growth has ended. Alongside hopes that the US-China trade negotiations will result in a deal and that Chinese growth picks up – but not deceiving ourselves about China's ability to drive the world economy – we are seeing signs of flagging, although not a collapse. The major economies will mainly rely on the strength of their domestic demand to achieve a soft landing that is close to potential growth rates. And, preferring prevention rather than cure, cautious central banks have opted for more accommodative monetary policy than expected.

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World - Macroeconomic Scenario for 2019-2020: Economic & financial forecasts

Italy – Economic environment: Macroeconomic and banking review

  • Edition 9 April 2019

    Following a 0.1% downturn in Q3 2018 and Q4 2018, Italy is officially in a technical recession, a term signifying a decrease in GDP over two consecutive quarters. GDP growth in 2018 thus came out at 0.9%, down sharply on the 1.7% reported in 2017. Our central scenario is based on a recovery in activity, especially in industry, starting in Q2 2019, and on a renewed positive contribution from domestic demand. However, the growth overhang in 2019 from Q4 2018 is negative (-0.1%) and will limit GDP growth to an annual average of 0.1% in 2019.

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Germany – Scenario 2019-2020: moving towards a normalised growth rate

  • Edition January 23, 2019
    In Germany, GDP growth slowed markedly in 2018 (+1.5% annual average, after +2.5% last year). Activity should conserve a moderate growth rate of +1.3% in 2019 and the following year. German growth will continue to be driven by robust domestic demand, fuelled by both private consumption and investment. External demand will nevertheless continue to weigh on growth but to a lesser extent.

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France – 2019-2020 Scenario: more dynamic purchasing power but growth slowdown confirmed

  • Edition January 22, 2019

    In France, growth has slowed significantly compared with the previous year. Following the publication of the Q3 GDP figure, the growth carryover came out at 1.5% in 2018, compared with 2.3% in 2017. Q1 was effectively disappointing, with growth then firming up slightly in Q3. That said, it is likely to return to a more modest rate at the end of the year, largely due to the effects of the Gilets Jaunes crisis. Going forward, we are forecasting a likely similar annual growth rate in 2019, of 1.6%.

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Macroeconomic Scenario for 2019-2020: plenty of twists and turns to negotiate cautiously

  • Edition December 21, 2018

    It might be smarter to use the multiple and multifarious risks facing us to draw up an alarmist scenario. Economies are undoubtedly slowing down, but still in a very uneven way. The Eurozone seems to be looking for its second wind, Japan is struggling to boost domestic demand and Chinese growth is likely to disappoint at the start of the year; however, the US should see another year of prosperity. In 2019, growth rates should continue to slow, accompanied by measured monetary tightening and a very modest increase in risk-free interest rates.

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France – What are the economic consequences of the Gilets Jaunes crisis?

  • Edition 20 December 2018

    The "Gilets Jaunes" crisis affects growth in Q4 2018, revised to +0,2% qoq from +0,4%. In the face of this crisis and the demands of the "Gilets Jaunes", two sets of social support measures were announced. These two sets of measures, which represent around €10 billion, will result in a significant additional gain in purchasing power of 0.7% in 2019. Consumption will be more sustained, and GDP will increase more strongly than initially forecast, +1,8% yoy in 2019. However, the deficit-to-GDP ratio is revised upwards significantly for 2019, from 2.8% to 3.3%.

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