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  • Emerging Countries – Monthly News Digest

    Edition November 9, 2017
    Highlights: How to interpret the populist choice of Czech voters? In Algeria, monetising the budget deficit is a dangerous thing. In South Africa, the Finance Minister has admitted to Parliament that the country's deficit was set to widen. In China, Xi Jinping is almost more powerful than Mao. The Argentinian government has scored political successes but poor economic results.

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  • France – Labour market reform: Towards greater flexibility

    Edition October 16, 2017

    The long-term trend in the French labour market is a rising unemployment rate and the development of "mass unemployment". Despite going into reverse in the second half of 2015, the unemployment rate remains high. In view of this, the provisions in the reform of the French labour code are designed to make the labour market more flexible while guaranteeing workers some protection.

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  • World – Macroeconomic Scenario for 2017-2018: Inflation, the long absence

    Edition October 4, 2017

    Because interest rate cuts alone seemed incapable of fending off deflation, the central banks implemented unconventional monetary policies. Now that the deflation threat has been averted, the "heterodox" monetary arrangements will be progressively tightened. And while inflation is still very shy of the target, interest rate hikes are being deferred or brought in at snail"s pace.

    The issue of pace is essential. If inflation accelerates due to an exogenous shock or ends up resuming but with an unusual delay, it could come after the real cycle has peaked suggesting that any central bank action will be too late, so that tightening would be pro-cyclical. If inflation does not pick up to any significant degree, perhaps it might be time to revise inflation targets down or even overhaul the system of inflation-targeting completely, at least in its "pure" version, when the inflation target is not "even" combined with an employment target.

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  • Understand Qatar crisis : Economist's infographic

    Edition 26 September 2017

    Qatar crisis which blew up three months ago seems sometimes difficult to understand from abroad. Actually, it is part of a global context made of old geopolitical tensions in the Middle East. This Infographic summarize in a very simple way the origins of the political crisis and its regional implications.

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  • US Congress is back in session with an urgent legislative agenda

    Edition 5 september 2017

    A USD7.9bn down payment on disaster recovery relief requested by President Trump for victims of hurricane Harvey is likely to be approved quickly. Congress will need to raise or suspend the debt limit to avoid a potential Treasury default. The debt limit legislation might be linked to the increased spending appropriation for disaster relief in the wake of hurricane Harvey.

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  • UK: Heightened political uncertainty versus hopes for a softer Brexit

    Edition June 16, 2017

    The 8 June snap election was a shock for Theresa May as it resulted in a loss of the Conservative party's absolute majority in Parliament. Even though she decided not to resign, she is vulnerable to challenges within her party at any time. This hung parliament heralds a period of political instability and significant uncertainty over the sequence of future events. It also opens up a wide range of outcomes for Brexit. Meanwhile, a minority government is unlikely to last its full five-year term, increasing the risk of another snap election.

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  • United-Kingdom - Consumers' resilience under scrutiny

    Edition April 10, 2017

    The resilience of the British economy in the post-referendum period has taken many by surprise. Some made rapid conclusions that ‘Brexit has had no effect on the economy'. To state this, however, is to voluntarily omit that Brexit has not yet occurred. We are still at the very beginning of the negotiation process, which started officially on 29 March. The main effects of the referendum result so far have been through foreign exchange.

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  • ECB: The cat that walked by himself

    Edition March 8, 2017

    Rudyard Kipling's cat is the wildest animal of the Wet Wild Woods, not because he refuses to respect the bargain negotiated – on the contrary, he respects it whatever happens – but because he respects only the bargain and refuses to submit to any other kind of pressure: man's boot-throwing or the dog's bite. He is the cat that walks by himself. Mario Draghi is ready to do "whatever it takes", "whatever the ECB must", "without any limit" to respect the bargain negotiated in the European Treaty: price stability.

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  • US- Prepping the markets for a hike

    Edition February 16, 2017

    US economic performance is likely to warrant further gradual increases in the federal funds rate. Chair Yellen reiterated her view that "waiting too long to remove accommodation would be unwise, potentially requiring the FOMC to eventually raise rates rapidly, which could risk disrupting financial markets and pushing the economy into recession."

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  • France - 2017 Budget: Deficit cut to 2.7% of GDP in 2017

    Edition October 5, 2016

    The public deficit forecast for 2017 has been set at 2.7% of GDP (3.3% in 2016), with growth forecasts of 1.5% in 2016 and 2017 – slightly higher than the consensus. The public debt ratio is forecast to fall very slightly in 2016 already. The structural effort will again be significant and concentrated on public spending, whose growth in value terms has been markedly slowed. Our own deficit forecast is slightly higher that the government's, at 2.9% of GDP in 2017.

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